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Doxa GRANDE METRE BLUE PLANET LIMITED EDITION 800PCS WORLD
TOP
Doxa GRANDE METRE BLUE PLANET LIMITED EDITION 800PCS WORLD
AED 12,912
Free shipping
Seller
Przedsiębiorstwo Handlowe Usługowe
172
PL
H.Moser & Cie. Pioneer Centre Seconds
TOP
H.Moser & Cie. Pioneer Centre Seconds
AED 39,012
Seller
chronostars
13
AT
Zenith Elite
TOP
Zenith Elite
AED 28,918
Seller
STENSTRUP Watches & Jewellery
11
DK
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Automatic
TOP
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Automatic
AED 65,847
Seller
Ronald Grob, Exklusive Zeitmesser
164
CH
Omega Speedmaster 60th Anniversary '57 311.10.39.30.01.001
Auction
Omega Speedmaster 60th Anniversary '57 311.10.39.30.01.001

AED 21,318

Current bid

Ends in:

1d 08h 53m 04s

Auction over

Rado 56-H Chronometre, 1st Version, Very Rare
TOP
Rado 56-H Chronometre, 1st Version, Very Rare
AED 29,244
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
5
CH
Cartier Calibre Diver Wsca0010
TOP
Cartier Calibre Diver Wsca0010
AED 22,597
Seller
Mall of the Watch
956
MC
Sarcar A11225ORP001.03 - BEFORE : $ 12,925 - NOW
Sarcar A11225ORP001.03 - BEFORE : $ 12,925 - NOW
AED 44,245
Seller
AL MASAOOD JEWELLERY LLC
7
AE
Bell & Ross Vintage 126XL  Limited Edition
TOP
Bell & Ross Vintage 126XL Limited Edition
AED 31,871
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
139
ES
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
AED 69,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Rolex GMT-Master II 116759SARU june 2020 Rolex warranty
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II 116759SARU june 2020 Rolex warranty
AED 294,190
Seller
MMC RIVIERA
6
MC
Ulysse Nardin Marine
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Marine
AED 84,740
Seller
Royal watches
46
AE
Rolex Day-Date
TOP
Rolex Day-Date
AED 29,056
Seller
Bijouterie-Horlogerie Langel
62
CH
Hublot Super B Flyback
TOP
Hublot Super B Flyback
AED 23,018
Free shipping
Seller
Rent a Box Schmuck und Uhren AG
11
CH
Patek Philippe Calatrava, White Gold, Sunburst Dial, Beautiful...
TOP
Patek Philippe Calatrava, White Gold, Sunburst Dial, Beautiful...
AED 44,338
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
5
CH
Omega Constellation deluxe 18 ct gold
TOP
Omega Constellation deluxe 18 ct gold
AED 19,120
Seller
The Watch Collector Ltd.
95
UK
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Perpetual Calendar
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Perpetual Calendar
AED 194,500
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Alain Silberstein KS12 - Klub Small Klassik - BEFORE : $ 1,480...
Alain Silberstein KS12 - Klub Small Klassik - BEFORE : $ 1,480...
AED 5,062
Seller
AL MASAOOD JEWELLERY LLC
7
AE
Richard Mille RM 011
TOP
Richard Mille RM 011
AED 525,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Chronometer 41mm
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Chronometer 41mm
AED 55,214
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
139
ES
Rolex GMT-Master II 116758SARU with 2 years warranty
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II 116758SARU with 2 years warranty
AED 294,190
Seller
MMC RIVIERA
6
MC
Rolex Submariner (No Date)
TOP
Rolex Submariner (No Date)
AED 29,913
Seller
Chase Hattan
30
UK
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph Volcano
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph Volcano
AED 70,941
Free shipping
Seller
Rent a Box Schmuck und Uhren AG
11
CH
Patek Philippe Calatrava Backwinder, Sunburst Dial
TOP
Patek Philippe Calatrava Backwinder, Sunburst Dial
AED 43,395
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
5
CH
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
TOP
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
AED 12,420
Seller
The Watch Collector Ltd.
95
UK
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 150M Master Co-Axial  | 41MM
TOP
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 150M Master Co-Axial | 41MM
AED 17,622
Seller
Juwelier van Willegen
64
NL
Alain Silberstein VS21A- Pave SmileDay Automatic - BEFORE : $...
Alain Silberstein VS21A- Pave SmileDay Automatic - BEFORE : $...
AED 10,874
Seller
AL MASAOOD JEWELLERY LLC
7
AE
Hublot King Power
TOP
Hublot King Power
AED 45,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Epos Sportive 3438
Straight from the manufacturer
Epos Sportive 3438
AED 3,219
Seller
EPOS Uhren
Rolex Rare Midsize/Unisex Oyster Perpetual 6549 Automatic...
TOP
Rolex Rare Midsize/Unisex Oyster Perpetual 6549 Automatic...
AED 11,762
Free shipping
Seller
GMTSKY
407
US
Cartier Tank Solo
TOP
Cartier Tank Solo
AED 11,965
Seller
Chase Hattan
30
UK
Heuer Monaco "Steve McQueen"
TOP
Heuer Monaco "Steve McQueen"
AED 72,450
Free shipping
Seller
Rent a Box Schmuck und Uhren AG
11
CH
Icelink AMBASSADOR 18K SNOW
Icelink AMBASSADOR 18K SNOW
AED 116,611
Seller
Istana
AE
IWC Pilot’s Watch Automatic Date Grey - 324002
TOP
IWC Pilot’s Watch Automatic Date Grey - 324002
AED 13,430
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
223
NL
Zenith Grande Class Traveler Open Multi City
Zenith Grande Class Traveler Open Multi City
AED 71,242
Seller
Royal watches
46
AE
Omega Speedmaster Racing
TOP
Omega Speedmaster Racing
AED 9,900
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Alain Silberstein KA21 - Krono A Noir  - BEFORE : $ 3,170 - NOW
Alain Silberstein KA21 - Krono A Noir - BEFORE : $ 3,170 - NOW
AED 11,061
Seller
AL MASAOOD JEWELLERY LLC
7
AE
Breitling R24312
TOP
Breitling R24312
AED 60,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Epos Emotion 3390 24h
Straight from the manufacturer
Epos Emotion 3390 24h
AED 5,862
Seller
EPOS Uhren
Tudor Black Bay GMT
TOP
Tudor Black Bay GMT
AED 16,500
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Audemars Piguet Classic Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Classic Automatic
AED 19,186
Seller
LE MUSE sas
99
IT
Bell & Ross BR 01-94 Chronographe
TOP
Bell & Ross BR 01-94 Chronographe
AED 13,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Icelink DISTRICT PHOSPO "CHILL"
Icelink DISTRICT PHOSPO "CHILL"
AED 20,435
Seller
Istana
AE
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
AED 78,500
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
IWC Portuguese Automatic
TOP
IWC Portuguese Automatic
AED 33,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
IWC Portuguese Perpetual Calendar
TOP
IWC Portuguese Perpetual Calendar
AED 92,950
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Breitling for Bentley
TOP
Breitling for Bentley
AED 28,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
AED 93,327
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Alain Silberstein KS11 - Klub Small Klassik - BEFORE : $ 1,480...
Alain Silberstein KS11 - Klub Small Klassik - BEFORE : $ 1,480...
AED 5,062
Seller
AL MASAOOD JEWELLERY LLC
7
AE
Tudor Black Bay Fifty-Eight
Tudor Black Bay Fifty-Eight
AED 12,936
Seller
Private Seller
AE
Epos Originale 3437
Straight from the manufacturer
Epos Originale 3437
AED 4,903
Seller
EPOS Uhren
Vogard Times of your Life
Vogard Times of your Life
AED 14,623
Seller
Istana
AE
Longines Conquest Heritage
Longines Conquest Heritage
AED 2,625
Seller
Private Seller
AE
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Caramel Dial Yellow Gold - 67488
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Caramel Dial Yellow Gold - 67488
AED 21,958
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
223
NL
Omega Constellation special OM Dial
TOP
Omega Constellation special OM Dial
AED 14,923
Seller
AmsterdamTimeClassics
40
NL
Chopard ROSE GOLD CLASSIC RACING SUPERFAST CHRONOGRAP 161284-5001
Chopard ROSE GOLD CLASSIC RACING SUPERFAST CHRONOGRAP 161284-5001
AED 75,893
Seller
Private Seller
AE
Bulgari OCTO FINISSIMO
TOP
Bulgari OCTO FINISSIMO
AED 71,242
Seller
Haute Horologe
AE
Alain Silberstein 086/MA22Blanc - Marine A - BEFORE : $ 3,265...
Alain Silberstein 086/MA22Blanc - Marine A - BEFORE : $ 3,265...
AED 11,211
Seller
AL MASAOOD JEWELLERY LLC
7
AE
Rolex Oyster Perpetual [FREE WORLDWIDE SHIPPING]
Rolex Oyster Perpetual [FREE WORLDWIDE SHIPPING]
AED 14,998
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Epos Sophistiquée 3423SK
Straight from the manufacturer
Epos Sophistiquée 3423SK
AED 7,653
Seller
EPOS Uhren
Meccaniche Veloci Quattro Valvole Chronograph
Meccaniche Veloci Quattro Valvole Chronograph
AED 5,624
Seller
Istana
AE
NOMOS Ahoi Atlantik
NOMOS Ahoi Atlantik
AED 8,811
Seller
Private Seller
 
AE
Omega Speedmaster 60th Anniversary 311.10.39.30.01.001
Auction
Omega Speedmaster 60th Anniversary 311.10.39.30.01.001

AED 21,131

Opening bid

Ends in:

1d 09h 01m 04s

Auction over

Zenith El Primero Tourbillon
Zenith El Primero Tourbillon
AED 76,491
Seller
Royal watches
46
AE
  • 30
  • 60
  • 120

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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