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Patek Philippe Calatrava
Patek Philippe Calatrava
AED 49,253
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上海天仪轩钟表有限公司
CN
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso
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Watch Hunter
 
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The Golden Line
AE
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price on request
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CH
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar Chronograph - 5960R-001
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar Chronograph - 5960R-001
AED 210,441
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Watches.de - Mercurius Trading Ltd.
63
CH
Rolex Yacht-Master 40 Custom Baguette Diamond Bezel
Rolex Yacht-Master 40 Custom Baguette Diamond Bezel
AED 119,956
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Cagau
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
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Chopard 1970s LARGE HAPPY DIAMOND SAUDI KING REF. 2121
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Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Chronograph - Stainless Steel
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AED 31,961
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WatchesofMayfair.com
169
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Rolex DateJust 36 UAE Edition Dial in Rose Gold 1550
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AED 36,149
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Urwerk - Turbine UR-110 PTH Black Platinum
Urwerk - Turbine UR-110 PTH Black Platinum
price on request
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Breguet Classic 18kWG Diamonds 72% off
Breguet Classic 18kWG Diamonds 72% off
AED 22,033
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Raffi Boyadjian Watches Inc.
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Franck Muller Vanguard Chronograph V 45 Cc Dt In Titanium And...
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Taleda
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Tudor Heritage Black Bay 41 Ref. 79540
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AED 8,725
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WINGOO WATCHES
160
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Patek Philippe Nautilus Chronograph 5980/1A-014
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AED 167,899
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Luxury Souq Dubai
AE
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
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AED 70,020
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Haute Horologe
AE
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712/1A-001 Watch
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AED 138,900
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Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Acciaio 44 mm
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Acciaio 44 mm
AED 25,428
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WatchesofMayfair.com
169
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Franck Muller Vanguard Customized 44mm White Dial Rose Gold...
Franck Muller Vanguard Customized 44mm White Dial Rose Gold...
AED 42,759
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Richard Mille - Ultimate Edition RM035 Skeleton Dial Carbon
Richard Mille - Ultimate Edition RM035 Skeleton Dial Carbon
price on request
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U-Boat 5573 Classico AB 4/2/A 53mm 10ATM
U-Boat 5573 Classico AB 4/2/A 53mm 10ATM
AED 6,572
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Timeshop24.de Ltd.
2471
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Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Chrono 146.2.25 Red Gold, 41mm
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Chrono 146.2.25 Red Gold, 41mm
AED 48,554
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Taleda
212
CH
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Pictet & Cie Special Edition
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AED 25,020
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Timepiece360
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Leo Messi Limited Edition
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Leo Messi Limited Edition
AED 100,829
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Luxury Souq Dubai
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
AED 198,000
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Haute Horologe
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Self-Winding Steel Watch
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AED 65,400
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Rose Gold Arnold Schwarzene...
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Rose Gold Arnold Schwarzene...
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Hublot Big Bang Broderie Sugar 343.PS.6599.NR
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AED 74,315
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Richard Mille - Felipe Massa RM011 Skeleton Dial RG
Richard Mille - Felipe Massa RM011 Skeleton Dial RG
price on request
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Qahtan Jewellery & Watches
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Ulysse Nardin 18k White Gold Ulysse Nardin Sonata Cathedral,...
Ulysse Nardin 18k White Gold Ulysse Nardin Sonata Cathedral,...
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Blancpain Villeret Perpetual Calendar Moon + Blancpain-Service...
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Rolex Daytona Black Out Bamford PVD Steel
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AED 58,200
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AED 168,048
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Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Grand Tradition Tourbillon Perpetual...
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Grand Tradition Tourbillon Perpetual...
AED 336,096
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Rolex Oyster Perpetual Yacht-Master II 116680 Watch
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AED 45,400
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Hublot Classic Fusion 45mm Automatic 18K Rose Gold 521.OX.2611.OX
Hublot Classic Fusion 45mm Automatic 18K Rose Gold 521.OX.2611.OX
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VI Watch Guy
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Rolex - GMT Master II 116759SARU Diamond Bezel and Dial WG
Rolex - GMT Master II 116759SARU Diamond Bezel and Dial WG
price on request
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Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster
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OROeORA PRINTEZIS
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IWC Portoghese IW371430 chronograph Boris Becker Edition 2006
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F.P.Journe FP Journe Invenit et Fecit Chronometre Bleu 39mm...
F.P.Journe FP Journe Invenit et Fecit Chronometre Bleu 39mm...
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Luxury Souq Dubai
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Hublot Classic Fusion Aerofusion Cricket World Cup 2015 King
Hublot Classic Fusion Aerofusion Cricket World Cup 2015 King
AED 89,626
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Haute Horologe
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 41mm Rose Gold Blue...
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 41mm Rose Gold Blue...
AED 125,400
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IWC Platinum Portuguese Perpetual Calendar 44mm 502111 Limited
IWC Platinum Portuguese Perpetual Calendar 44mm 502111 Limited
AED 111,797
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Hublot Big Bang Ferrari  Unico All Black Limited Edition , NEW...
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AED 72,339
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Patek Philippe - Nautilus 5976/1G-001 Anniversary Blue Dial WG
Patek Philippe - Nautilus 5976/1G-001 Anniversary Blue Dial WG
price on request
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Qahtan Jewellery & Watches
AE
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712G-001
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712G-001
AED 152,570
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Artex AG
 
CH
Tudor Rotor Prince Date 79430p Steel, 39mm
Tudor Rotor Prince Date 79430p Steel, 39mm
AED 10,488
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Taleda
212
CH
Rolex GMT Master 1675 for Sultanate of Oman Full Set 1977’s
Rolex GMT Master 1675 for Sultanate of Oman Full Set 1977’s
price on request
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Watches Management
 
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Lebron James Edition
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Lebron James Edition
AED 233,400
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Luxury Souq Dubai
AE
Audemars Piguet royal oak offshore chronograph
Audemars Piguet royal oak offshore chronograph
AED 141,907
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Haute Horologe
AE
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 41mm Blue Dial Steel Watch
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 41mm Blue Dial Steel Watch
AED 85,900
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The Store
AE
Audemars Piguet Offshore Limited  Tantale  Asia  "Orchard...
Audemars Piguet Offshore Limited Tantale Asia "Orchard...
AED 144,656
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10PAST10.COM
85
NL
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Lady Duetto JLQ 7052421
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Lady Duetto JLQ 7052421
AED 46,223
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TimeWorld
17
CH
Patek Philippe - Nautilus 7011/1G-010 W/G Full Pave Customized...
Patek Philippe - Nautilus 7011/1G-010 W/G Full Pave Customized...
price on request
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Qahtan Jewellery & Watches
AE

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.